Foreclosures in Florida
Do You Have An Underwater Mortgage? Here Are Your Options:
Do you owe more money on your home than your property is worth? If so, you have an underwater mortgage. The situation can be a headache for homeowners, particularly if you want to sell your property or refinance.
We’ll take a closer look at what happens if you are upside down on your mortgage and how to pay attention to indicators you’re heading under. We’ll also offer you a few tips on how to handle an underwater mortgage.
What Does Underwater Mortgage Mean?
An underwater mortgage, sometimes called an upside-down mortgage, is a home loan with a higher principal than the home is worth. This happens when property values fall but you still need to repay the original balance of your loan.
Mortgages aren’t the only loans that can end up underwater. Auto loans, motorcycle loans and houseboat loans can also go underwater.
How Does An Underwater Mortgage Happen?
There are two main ways that mortgages end up underwater: Decrease in property value or missed payments.
Let’s take a closer look at how this can happen.
Decrease In Property Value
Say you plan to buy a home for around $200,000. The bank orders an appraisal and the appraiser determines the home is worth $200,000. Satisfied, the bank gives you a loan for $160,000 because you put down $40,000 as a down payment.
A couple of years later, you notice that your neighbors are having trouble selling their homes. While the average property value in your area was $200,000 when you bought the home, homeowners in the area have lowered their selling prices to meet the lack of demand.
Now, thanks to a decrease in property values, your home is only worth $120,000 and you still owe $155,000 on your mortgage.
Your mortgage can also go underwater when you miss your mortgage payments. Let’s look at how that might happen.
When you start making payments on your loan, most of the money you pay goes toward interest. As you begin to chip away at your principal loan balance, you pay less and less in interest. This process is called amortization.
If you fail to pay off your interest one month, that interest will accumulate. Compounding interest makes it difficult to pay back your loan and may also put you underwater.
Let’s say you borrow $130,000 to buy a home at 4% APR with a 30-year term. On your first payment due date, you owe $620.64. A total of $187.31 goes toward reducing your principal balance and the remaining $433.33 pays off the interest your loan accumulated since you took it out.
Missing your payment means that the additional amount will also accumulate interest at 4% APR. You’ll go further underwater if you don’t make a payment equal to two monthly payments the very next month.
This is why it’s so important to make sure you don’t buy a home you can’t afford.
The Trouble With Underwater Mortgages
Not having equity or negative equity in your home can cause a number of problems, from not being able to refinance to potentially losing your house.
You won’t be able to refinance your loan if you’re underwater. Most lenders need you to have some equity in your property before you refinance.
You might also have difficulty selling your home if your loan is underwater. Most of the time, you use the balance from the sale to pay down your existing mortgage when you sell your home.
But you might not be able to get enough money to cover all your outstanding principal when you’re underwater. This leaves you with only two options: stay in your home and keep making payments or sell the home and cover the rest from your savings. One potential solution would be to sell your home through a short sale.
Potential Of Foreclosure
Underwater mortgages also have a higher chance of going into foreclosure. A foreclosure occurs when you fall too far behind on your payments and the bank seizes your home. You might have to foreclose if you’re having trouble making your payments and you can’t refinance.
Signs Your Mortgage Is Underwater
Not sure if your mortgage is underwater? Here’s how to know for sure:
Falling Local Property Values
Falling local property values are the first sign that your home may be going underwater. Use a real estate database to check out how much similar homes in your area are selling for. You can also talk to a local real estate expert to learn more about how market prices are predicted for your area.
Once you know how much local homes are worth, compare it to the remaining principal on your loan. Call your lender and request a “payoff statement” if you’re not sure how much you owe. A payoff statement tells you exactly how much is left on the loan, how much interest you currently owe, and the exact date you’re slated to pay it off.
Compare the amount you owe with local property values of similar homes. Is there a major difference between your loan balance and the value of other homes in the area?
If so, you’re likely underwater.
You can get an independent appraisal if you want a more exact idea of how much your loan is worth. An appraiser looks at the overall condition of the home and how other homes in your area are selling. An appraisal is the most accurate way to understand what your home is worth.
Compare the appraiser’s estimate with the amount you owe on your loan. You’re underwater if the appraiser’s estimate is much lower than your loan balance.
You’re Behind On Your Payments
There’s a good chance that your home is underwater if you’ve fallen behind on your monthly mortgage payments early on in your loan. You can work with your lender to get back on track with your loan and avoid foreclosure if you know that local property values are stable.
Contact your lender and request a payoff statement. Compare the amount you owe with the loan amount you took out. You’re underwater if your current principal is higher than it was when you first took out the loan and your home hasn’t gone up in value.